Architectural monuments can be threatened by anything: after the earthquake in Italy, the Coliseum has new cracks, because of the torrential rains, Pompeii and Petra are destroyed, the Liverpool port is about to be disfigured by developers … Natural disasters, good tourists, indifferent authorities, evil fanatics-and From such monumental sightings of sight there will soon be only ruins.
The ancient capital of Idumea and Nabataean kingdom – “Pink City”, as it is also called because of the color of its walls, is one of the main tourist attractions of Jordan.
Tourists bring money to this place – and destruction: the touch of many hands to the facades and columns, like the wind and the rain, lead to erosion, which gradually eats up the walls of the famous El-Hazne temple, which every tourist who has visited here should take a picture. And donkeys and camels add trouble to the ancient roads …
The ruins of the ancient city, drowned under the streams of lava from Vesuvius, are threatened with final destruction. Increased rainfall does not give the walls of the city a good dry out, and the soil because of them becomes extremely unstable. Over the past five years, three walls and one building collapsed here – all due to climate change.
All this gave the UNESCO Commission a reason to declare in 2014 that Pompeii is about to disappear from the face of the Earth if people do not take serious measures to drain the soil.
A powerful earthquake that occurred in the fall of 2016 in central Italy, caused destruction in 100 cities of the country and left without a roof over its head 25 thousand of its inhabitants. Affected houses, churches, schools and architectural attractions.
Including the pride of Italy – the Roman Colosseum: in the walls of the 2000-year-old building, new cracks appeared.
The Chimou Cultural Center and the capital of the state formation of Chimor, conquered by the Incas, is the largest architectural monument of pre-Columbian America, thanks to which it is possible to study the features of the political and social structure of the states that existed here 800 years ago (the city was built around 1300).
The city was divided into nine citadels, each of which housed houses, temples and warehouses, city management services, craft workshops, agricultural buildings and even water. Climate change brought destruction to the city: if earlier rains here were rare, then now annual storms literally blur ancient buildings.
Abu Mina, Egypt
The ancient city, located 45 km south-west of Alexandria, refers to the era of early Christianity. Here is the tomb of Mina Kotuansky, a Christian martyr who died at the end of III – beginning of IV century AD: after his death his body was transported here on camels, and after that pilgrims were drawn. By the VII century there were many monasteries, apartment houses, pottery workshops and bath complexes – an entire early Christian city grew up.
Archaeological excavations began here only in 1905-1907, when the basilica and the church were discovered: now there are seven temple complexes with marble columns and elements of Coptic, Egyptian Byzantine and Greek architecture.
Nakagin Tower, Tokyo
The building, designed by Japanese architect Kisyo Kurokawa, was erected in Tokyo in 1972. This is an amazing example of Japanese metabolism – the architectural trend of post-war Japan, based on the notion of building as a living organism.
The house consists of 140 individual capsules that work as cell modules, inside of which are offices or apartments. However, now there is nothing in the building – in 2007 the residents of the house decided that it was impossible to live in this house (too closely and asbestos walls), and offered to demolish it. But the building still stands – and is waiting for reconstruction.
Dzhingereber Mosque, Timbuktu, Mali
The oldest of mosques (built in 1327) Timbuktu, where in the XV-XVI centuries was one of the main centers for the study of Islam, in 2012 was attacked by terrorists – immediately after it was inscribed on the World Heritage List as threatened. Seven of the sixteen mausoleums located in the complex were destroyed. The rest are threatened not so much by people who seek to destroy everything beautiful in their path, but rather from climate change – the desert of Mali is slowly coming to the old Malian city.
The colonial city, where in 1605 there were 160 thousand inhabitants, is one of the highest situated in the world, it is at an altitude of 4,090 m.
However, he is about to go underground: for 500 years in the vicinity of mine mines. There is a large silver deposit here, and the whole mountain is literally dotted with deep holes.
Liverpool Port, Liverpool, United Kingdom
In the XVIII-XIX centuries, Liverpool was not yet the city of The Beatles – then it was a major port of the British Empire, where the paths of seafarers and merchants converged. Buildings and docks occupying about 4 square meters. km, in 2004 they were included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
However, a development project involving the construction of a 50-story skyscraper here, the exploit of defenders of architectural masterpieces, to transfer it to another list, where the objects under threat are collected. Liverpool port was the only one out there that is located in Europe.